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Iowa Quick Facts

 
Population

Population (2013)1: 3,090,416

    Rank among states: 30

Population (2000)1: 2,926,324

  • Rank among states: 30

Population (2040 projection)7: 3,467,386

Land Area and Urbanization 

Land area and population density (2010)1

    • Land area: 55,857.1 square miles

    • Population density: 54.5 people per square mile

  • Urban and rural population (2010)1

    • Urban: 64.02%

    • Rural (total): 35.98%

    • Metropolitan and non-metropolitan population (2011)1,2
    • Metropolitan: 56.9%

    • Non-metropolitan: 43.1%

    • Metropolitan areas: 9 areas comprised of 20 Iowa counties

    • Micropolitan areas: 15 areas comprised of 17 Iowa counties

    • Combined statistical areas: 4 areas comprised of 13 Iowa counties

Business and Industry

  • Gross Domestic Product  (2010)3

    • Total (in millions): $142,698

    • By Industry (2009)

      • Manufacturing: $25,354

      • Finance and insurance: $19,666
      • Government: $16,392

      • Real estate, rental and leasing: $13,778

      • Health care & social assistance:  $9,905

      • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting: $8,423
      • Retail trade: $8,276

      • Wholesale trade: $8,055
      • Transportation and warehousing: $4,750

      • Professional and Technical services: $4,686

      • Information: $4,041

      • Construction: $4,312
      • Utilities: $2,555
      • Arts, entertainment, and related activities: $1,204

      • Mining: $111

Exports (2010)1

    • Top commodity exports (in millions):

      • Tractors - $745

      • Swine meat, frozen - $436

      • Soybeans - $513

      • Corn Except Seed Corn - $401

      • Swine meat, fresh or chilled - $287
      • Civilian aircraft, engines & parts - $261

    • Top destinations of exports (in millions):

      • Canada - $3,432

      • Mexico -  $1,833

      • Japan -   $852

Businesses1

      • Business establishments with employees (2010): 80,801

      • Non-employer business establishments (2010):  201,448
    Farms4
      • Number of farms (2010): 92,400

      • Acres in farmland (2010): 30,800,000

    Building Permits1

      • Residential building permits issued (2011): 7,526

    Employment

    • Unemployment rate (2011)5: 5.9%

    • Employment status (2011)1

      • In labor force, 16 & over: 67.7%

      • Females 16 years and over in labor force: 79.0%

      • Families with own children under 6 years

        • All parents in labor force: 74.3%

    • Employees in nonfarm establishments (2011)

      • Total: 1,477,800

        • Trade, transportation, and utilities: 301,300

        • Leisure and hospitality: 130,600

        • Manufacturing: 207,400

        • Government: 249,600

        • Financial activities: 100,400

        • Construction: 62,300
        • Information: 27,900

        • Professional and business services: 123,600

        • Educational and health services: 215,900

        • Other services: 56,500
    • Farm operators (2007)4

      • Operators by principal occupation

        • Farming: 66,036

        • Other: 67,960

      • Operators by days worked off farm

        • Any: 84,780

        • 200 days or more: 53,151

    • Commuting to work (2011)1

      • Mean travel time to work (minutes): 18.8

    Vital Statistics

    • Births (2011)6

      • Total:  38,204

      • Rate per 1,000 population: 12.5

    • Deaths (2011)6

      • Total: 28,103

      • Rate per 1,000 population:  9.1

    • Marriages (2011)6

      • Total: 20,567

      • Rate per 1,000 population:  6.7

    • Dissolutions (2011)6

      • Total: 7,416

      • Rate per 1,000 population:  2.4

    Households and Families

    • Households (2011)1

      •  Number of households: 1,216,765

      •  Average household size (people):  2.44

    • Families (2011)1

      • Number of families: 784,895

      • Average family size (people):   3.02

      • Married couple family with own children under 18 years:  19.9%

      • Single householder with own children under 18 years:  13.1%

    General Demographic Characteristics

    • Sex and age (2011)1

      • Male: 49.4%         

      • Female: 50.6%

      • Population under 5 years:  6.5%

      • Population 18 years and over:  76.4%

      • Population 65 years and over:  15.0%

      • Population 85 years and over:   2.5%

      • Median age (years):  38.1

    • Race and Hispanic or Latino (2011)1

      • White alone:   91.5%

      • Black or African American alone:   2.9%

      • American Indian and Alaska Native alone:   0.4%

      • Asian alone:   1.8%

      • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone:    0.1%

      • Two or more races:   1.4%

      • Hispanic or Latino (of any race):   5.0%

      • White alone, not Hispanic or Latino:   88.4%

    Social Characteristics

    • Educational attainment (2011)1

      • High school graduate or higher:  90.6%

      • Bachelor's degree or higher:      25.8%

    • Veteran status (2011)1

      • Civilian veterans:   9.7%

    • Disability status (2011)1

      • Population 5 years and over with a disability:  11.4%

    • Nativity and citizenship (2011)1

      • Native:  95.6%

      • Foreign-born:  4.4%   

        • Naturalized citizen: 37.6%

        • Not a citizen: 62.4%

    • Language spoken at home (2011)1

      • English only: 92.7%

      • Spanish: 4.0%

      • Asian and Pacific Islander:  1.1%

      • Other:  1.8%

    • Ancestry (single or multiple) (2011)1

      • German:  37.8%

      • Irish:  14.5%

      • Other:  47.7%

    Economic Characteristics

    • Income (2011) 1

      • Median household income: $49,427

      • Median family income: $62,821

      • Per capita income: $25,667

    • Median earnings (2011)1

      • Male full-time, year-round workers:    $43,624

      • Female full-time, year-round workers: $33,745

    • Individual poverty status (2011)1

      • Individuals below poverty level:  12.8%

      • Related children under 18 years below poverty level:  17.0%

      • Individuals 65 years and over below poverty level:  6.9%

    • Family poverty status (2011)1

      • Families below poverty level: 8.1%

      • Families with related children under 18 years below poverty level: 14.3%

      • Families with female householder, no husband present, with related children under 18 years below poverty level: 38.4%

    Housing Characteristics

    • Housing occupancy and tenure (2011)1

      • Total housing units:  1,340,588

      • Owner-occupied:  72.4%

    • Year structure built (2011)1

      • 2000 and later: 12.6%

      • Before 1950: 33.8%

      • Median year built: 1966

    • Rooms (2011)1

      • Median rooms: 5.9

    • Value and owner costs (2011)1

      • Median value of owner-occupied units: $123,400

      • Median selected monthly owner costs as a percentage of household income: 18.0%

    • Gross rent (2011)1

      • Median gross rent of renter-occupied units: $643

      • Median gross rent as a percentage of household income: 29.0%

    Governmental Units: Counties, Cities, and Townships

    • Counties (2013)1

      • Number of counties: 99

      • Population - Largest: 451,677 - Polk County

      • Population - Smallest: 3,894 - Adams County

      • Land area (2010) - Largest: 973 square miles - Kossuth County

      • Land area (2010) - Smallest: 381.1 square miles - Dickinson County

    • Incorporated places (2011) 1

      • Number of places: 947

      • Population - Largest: 206,599 - Des Moines in Polk County

      • Population - Smallest: 15 - Le Roy in Decatur County and Beaconsfield in Ringgold County

      • Number of census designated places (2010): 62

    • Townships 1

      • Number of townships (2010): 1,661

    Statistical Units: Census Geography

    • Census Geography 1

      • Census tracts (2010): 825

      • Census block groups (2010): 2,630

      • Census blocks (2010): 216,007

    Links to More Data About Iowa

     

    Data Sources

    1 U.S. Census Bureau 

    2 U.S. Office of Management and Budget  

    3 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis  

    4 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service 

    5 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 

    6 Iowa Department of Public Health  

    7 Woods & Poole Economic, Inc.


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    last modified Apr 07, 2014 09:20 AM