About Census Data
Descriptions of data programs and concepts
The American Community Survey (ACS) is an ongoing survey that provides data every year -- giving communities the current information they need to plan investments and services. Information from the survey generates data that help determine how more than $400 billion in federal and state funds are distributed each year.
Accurate boundaries are essential for accurate population counts. Every year the Census Bureau's Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS) updates the nation's inventory of counties, townships, and incorporated places.
Governmental units may challenge the U.S. Census Bureau's population estimates and counts.
Every five years the census of agriculture provides comprehensive statistics about agricultural operations, production, operators, and land use.
Census tracts are small, relatively permanent statistical subdivisions of counties. Web look-up tools let you find census tract numbers for specific street addresses.
Population counts used for official purposes must be certified by the U.S. Census Bureau and the Iowa Secretary of State.
New, merged, and discontinued Iowa cities
Apportionment is the process of dividing up the 435 seats in the House of Representatives among the 50 states according to population.
Every five years the Census Bureau's economic census provides comprehensive statistics about the structure and functioning of the nation's economy.
The Iowa enterprise zone program promotes new economic development by encouraging communities to target resources that attract productive private investment in economically distressed areas. The Iowa Department of Economic Development certifies eligible enterprise zones.
The Census Bureau produces annual estimates of health insurance coverage for the U.S. , states, and counties.
Every ten years the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) updates the standards for defining metropolitan areas. A list of qualified metropolitan, micropolitan, and combined statistical areas is released by OMB every year based on new population estimates.
NAICS is a system for classifying business establishments by type of economic activity to promote uniformity and comparability in the presentation and analysis of statistical data about the economy.
Every year the Census Bureau produces population estimates for states, counties, and incorporated places.
Every ten years the Census Bureau produces population projections for states. The State Data Center also uses annual state and county projections produced by Woods & Poole Economics, Inc.
Every year the Census Bureau produces poverty estimates for states, counties, and school districts.
Race and ethnicity standards provide consistent and comparable data for an array of statistical and administrative programs, including census programs.
Small-area census population counts are used in Iowa to draw new boundaries for precincts and for congressional, legislative, supervisor, ward, and school board director districts.
Local governments may ask the Census Bureau to conduct a special census in the years between decennial censuses. The certified results of a special census may be used to allocate state funds based on population.
The Census Bureau uses urban area criteria to create a single set of rules that yield consistent data and eliminate subjectivity in the delineation of urban areas.
The U.S. Constitution mandates a census every ten years to determine how many seats each state will have in the U.S. House of Representatives.